Based on the data of the Russian Endocrinology Association , prevalence of type 2 diabetes increases permanently in the Russian Federation as it does in the world. As of January 1, 2011 3.357 million people with diabetes were registered in Russia, and 90% of them with diabetes of type 2. At the same time control-and-epidemiological studies conducted in Russia by the State Federal Endocrinology Center during 2005-2010 show that the real number of patients with diabetes exceeds the number of registered cases by 2-3 times. During the last 10 years the number of patients with diabetes in Russia has doubled.